Pests like mosquitoes, rodents, termites, bed bugs, beetles, cockroaches, book mites, lice, weevils and many more can be really annoying and cause a lot of damage to crops and other items if not controlled or removed completely. Services for pest control can be hired from companies that deal with pest control.
The effect of pests on farms is felt by the way they damage crops leading to low yields and they also affect homes by feeding on foodstuffs and wood and also can potentially cause other accidents like fire. Pets can be controlled or eliminated using biological methods, using chemicals, physically removing the pests and other methods. A farmer can reduce pests without using chemicals by plowing the soil before planting and also cultivating or cutting down weed before planting and monitoring the crops regularly and only opting for chemicals when necessary.
Biological pest control involves using other organisms that are natural enemies to the pests present especially in farms that prey on these pests and some of the animals used include weaver ants, ladybirds, chameleons, and other animals. Cultivating can help remove pests when done in specific ways like tillage which involves plowing the land repeatedly to expose pests to insects and birds that feed on the pests and also crop rotation to eliminate some pests that feed on particular plants and some other practices.
Chemicals can also be used for pest control where they are usually sprayed on crops or covering seeds with pesticides before planting and when pests feed on the plants or seeds they die. Pesticides should be used only when other means of control fail and when used the right way of spraying should be used to avoid damaging crops or the soil and also to avoid health complications on the person and other harmless animals. For pests that do not disperse widely and those that mate only once or very few times, sterilizing some of them can help in reducing the population due to the inability to reproduce. Keeping houses clean and getting rid of garbage helps in pest control in homes and also using traps and poisoning the pests.
Some method of controlling the pests can better eliminate them than some other method and thus one should choose the most efficient. The effect of the used technique on the environment, other crops and animals and also on the health of the person should be researched on before using them. Traps for rodents should be placed with caution and also in places less likely to lead to injury or accidents and also when using poison it should be carefully stationed to avoid accidents like poisoning other animals like cats and dogs.