Guide to Understanding Eating Disorders
Nowadays, it is common to find people suffering from eating difficulties. People suffering from eating difficulties tend to have irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. It is recommended not to downplay the effects of eating disturbance since it can damage an individual’s well being. In order to understand eating disorders, you first need to understand the different types of eating disorders. The following are the types of eating disorders that affect most people, they include Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. In addition, the condition can develop at any stage in life but typically appear during the teen years or young adulthood. Although the illness can be treated; patients need to ensure they find medical care at early stages.
People suffering from anorexia nervosa tend to have an obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Another sign of the condition is that it makes people control the quality of food they consume since they always view themselves as overweight. The following are the adverse health effects of Anorexia, these include brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
The next eating disorder that you need to know about is Bulimia nervosa. This eating disorder is characterized by repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretic. In addition, patients tend to fear weight gain and feel severely unhappy with their body size and shape. The following are some of the injuring effects of bulimia nervosa, they include gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
The other type of eating disorder that is affecting many people is binge which is a disorder characterized by frequent loss of eating. Binge patients tend to develop an appetite for most foods. Binge is linked to some negative health effects, some of which include intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
To have a clear understanding of eating disorders, you need to take a look at their causes. When one suffers from an eating disorder; the condition can be caused by some factors. Due to the complex nature of the causative agents, the causes can be grouped as biological, psychological, and environmental. The following are the examples of biological factors, they include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
It is worth noting that one may experience eating disorders due to psychological issues such as poor self-esteem and negative body image. Some of the environmental factors of eating disorders include family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.